“Was it the Ku Klux Klan who lynched a black man here in the 1870s?”
This was the final question I (Bill) was asked Saturday afternoon at the Sandusky (OH) Library, after my presentation on “Terrorizing Immigrants and Catholics: The Ohio KKK in the 1920s.” Sponsored by the Ohio Humanities Council, this address was part of the Sandusky Library’s series on the “Legacy of Race and Ethnicity in Ohio.” 56 people were in attendance, and they were quite lively, asking twenty-odd questions at the end of the presentation. And the conversation went far beyond the Second Ku Klux Klan, with much discussion of the ways in which violence and the threat of violence has been used to buttress white supremacy in the United States for the past 400 years.
That we were in Sandusky made this conversation particularly interesting. In antebellum America this town on the shores of Lake Erie was an important final stop on the Underground Railroad, a place where fugitive slaves – if they could avoid the slave-catchers that often lurked about the port – boarded boats for Canada. Not only did Harriet Beecher Stowe feature Sandusky as the gateway to freedom in Uncle Tom’s Cabin, but a shorefront park commemorating the Underground Railroad was dedicated in 2007.
Notwithstanding the town’s illustrious antislavery history, on September 4, 1878 William Taylor – a black man accused of murdering a white woman – was taken from sheriff’s custody by a mob of thousands and dragged through the streets of Sandusky while the crowd kicked and beat him. While Taylor continued to plead his innocence, the crowd tied a rope around his neck and hung him from a downtown lamppost.
As I pointed out at the Sandusky Library, this horrific lynching was not the Klan’s doing, as the First KKK (unlike the Second Klan) was limited to the South and had died out by the early 1870s. And this was not the state’s only lynching. As documented by the Equal Justice Initiative, Ohio witnessed 15 lynchings, including the 1892 murder of the only black man in Holmes County, who apparently was lynched for staring at people. While there were 4084 lynchings between 1877 and 1950 in states of the former Confederacy, there were “more than 300 racial terror lynchings in other states during this time period.”
Given Sandusky’s illustrious antislavery history, it would seem that – of all places – the town should find some way to mark the lynching of William Taylor, even while it also rightly celebrates its place on the Underground Railroad. As W.E.B. DuBois asserted in his monumental work, Black Reconstruction:
Nations reel and stagger on their way; they make hideous mistakes; they commit frightful wrongs; they do great and beautiful things . . . And shall we not best guide humanity by telling the truth about all this, so far as the truth is ascertainable?